Rabu, 03 Juni 2015

tugas sofskill 3

What is relative clauses,explain and find passage and determine its relative clauses

1. Definition of clause

Clause is a grammatical unit that has a level above and below the sentence phrases, form groups of at kurangnyaterdiri word on the subject and predicate, and has the potential to be a sentence (Kiridalaksana, 1993: 110). Is said to have the potential to be a sentence because although not a sentence, in many ways no different from the sentence clauses, except in the case of the absence of the final intonation or punctuation that characterize the sentence.
In construction consisting of S and P clauses can be accompanied by O, Pel, and Ket, or not. In this regard, the core element of the clause is S and P. However, in practice the elements of S are often omitted. For example in complex sentences (or rather sentences plural) and the sentence is the answer. (Ramlan 1987: 89).
For example:
Together with his wife, Mr. Salah brought souvenirs.

Sentence (1) consists of three clauses, ie clauses (a) together with his wife, clause (b) Mr. Salah came, and clause (c) bring souvenirs. Clause (a) consists of elements P, followed by Pel, clause (b) consists of S and P, and clause (c) consisting of P followed O. Due to the incorporation of the clause third, S in clause (a) and (c) dilesapkan ,

Characteristics clause

The characteristics of the clause is as follows: (1) there is a clause in the predicate, nothing more and nothing less; (2) clause may be subject to a sentence if her final intonation; (3) in the plural sentences, clauses are part of the sentence; (4) The clause can be expanded by adding attributes of functions that is not in the clause; besides the addition of constituent attributes on one or any existing syntactic functions.

Types of clauses

Clauses can be classified based on four issues, namely (1) the completeness of its internal elements: a complete clause and the clause is not complete, (2) presence or absence of words that negate P: clauses negative and positive clauses, (3) the predicate primary categories: verbal clauses and clauses nonverbal, (4) and the possibility of independence to be a sentence: an independent clause, clause incorporated.

What is conditional sentences? how many types are there? give examples min 5 for each type ?

2. Definition and Examples of Conditional Sentences

Conditional sentences are conditional sentence has two clauses (main clause and the clause) that is connected using the word "IF". This sentence has a meaning of "if" or "if".

  1. First Conditional
  2. Second Conditional
  3. Third Conditional

1. First Conditional

If V1 + S +, S + will + V1 + O

Example sentences First Conditional Sentences:
If I have free time, I will play football
If the school bell rings, I'll go home.
If she invite you, will you come?

2. Second Conditional

If + S + v2, S + would + v1 + O

Example Sentences Second Conditional
If I married with Nina, I would be happy. (If I was married to Nina, I'll be happy.)
If Karlo Became rich, he would marry her. (If Karlo became rich, he would marry her.)
If it snowed next June, what would you do ?. (If the winter months of June to come, what would you do?)

3. Third Conditional

If + S + had + V3, S + would have + V3 + O

Examples of Third Conditional Sentence
If I had seen Gina, I would have told her. (If I met Gina, I'll tell him.)
If it had rained yesterday, would you have stayed at home? (If yesterday's rain, would you stay home?)
If Virly had been free yesterday, I would have invited her. (If Virly holiday yesterday, I would invite him.)

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