Jumat, 27 Maret 2015

Find the definition of subject, verb, object, modifier and find the theory of subject – verb agreements

  1. Find the definition of subject, verb, object, modifier!
o       Subject
The subject of a sentence is a noun, a person, place, thing, idea, or feeling.  The subject often, but not always, comes at the beginning of the sentence.  The subject can be more than one noun. The subject is always performing an action, doing something, being something, or feeling something. Subjects are always nouns or noun equivalents (pronouns, gerunds, certain infinitives, phrases made from these verbals, and noun clauses). The subject is the person, place, or thing that does or controls the action of the verb. It is the concept that answers the question who? or what? does oris in relation to the verb.

o       Verb
Verbs are action words.  Run and jump are verbs.  Some actions are more subtitle.  Stay and wait are verbs.  Even to be is a verb.  Every sentence has at least one verb.  There can be more than one. A sentence can consist of nothing but a subject and a verb. The verb is most often defined as the word or words that express action or state of being. The trouble with this definition is that it is so broad that it is difficult to pin down just when a word expresses action" or "being." Verbals seem to express action, and even some nouns seem to convey a sense of action (the race, his answer, my worry, for example).
Maybe a better way to pin down the sentence verb is to find the word or words in the sentence that express action or state of being but also display some of the formal characteristics of verbs, those characteristics which have to do with the different spellings of the word in question, that is, the different forms of the word.
o       Object
A sentence can have more than one noun.  While a subject performs an action, an object is a noun that has action performed on it.  The object usually comes after the verb.  The following examples have a subject, then a verb, then an object.

o       Modifier
Another very common sentence element is modifiers.  Modifiers use adjectives or adverbs to describe, define, limit, or modify nouns or verbs.  A modifier can be a single word or a phrase. Modifiers are all of those adjective or adverb words, phrases, or clauses that change (modify) the meaning of other words, phrases or clauses. Although they take many forms, there are only two kinds of modifiers-adjective and adverb.

            Example :        1. To make lemonade, you first need some lemons.
                                    2. When he arrives, we can try to build a fort.
                                    3. As the cat watched, the two puppies fought over a bone.
                                    4. The small dog was reluctant to learn new things.
                                    5. Walking on the ice, she slipped and fell.

2.      Find the theory of subject – verb agreements!

Subject-verb agreement just means using the right version of the verb to agree with the subject. For the examples :

If you use the term "verb conjugation," your mates will probably think you're bit of brainbox, but it just means "how verbs change to agree with their subjects."

It's really simple. If you're a native English speaker, you'll naturally ensure your verbs agree with their subjects (i.e., conjugate correctly).

      Example :        1. My dog always growls at the postal carrier.
                              2. Basketballs roll across the floor.
                              3. I don’t understand the assignment.
                              4. These clothes are too small for me.
      5. Peter doesn’t like vegetables.

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